Public Health Department of Karaganda region

+7 (7212) 955 559

Clinical prevention of acute respiratory viral infections and Influenza


Symptoms of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza are very similar: the same cough, sneezing, nasal congestion, chills, fever and headache.

Though there are some specific symptoms of the flu virus:

  • • The onset of the disease is usually acute: body temperature rises sharply and high - up to 39-40 degrees
  • • chills and joint pain
  • • Skin turns pale, sometimes the nasolabial triangle turns bluish and a bright blushing of the cheeks
  • • Photophobia and intolerance to loud noises
  • • Feeling of weakness and nausea or dizziness
  • • Chronic coughing and a runny nose (appearing on the second or third day)

Rarer symptoms include:

  • • Abdominal pain and vomiting
  • • Diarrhea, especially if it is intestinal flu during pregnancy

The acute condition lasts for about 7 days - much longer than the usual SARS.

With a high temperature and signs of flu, it's recommended for you to stay home and call a doctor in-house, and do not try to self-medicate yourself. If there is a need to visit a medical institution in such conditions, it is imperative to use a disposable mask in order to avoid infecting of others.

Particular attention should be paid to the use of antipyretic and vasoconstrictor drugs (nasal drops) in children: it is strictly necessary to adhere to the prescribed dosage, otherwise an overdose is imminent and other fatal complications may arise!

The most effective method of prevention is vaccination, which is carried out in the pre-epidemic period of the year (September-November).

Currently, only general strengthening measures can be recommended: treatments against the flu, avoiding crowded areas, Consumption of food rich with vitamin C (lemons, currants, oranges, rose hips) and honey, only in the absence of an allergy to these products. It is also possible to take pharmaceutical multivitamin supplements. Do not get involved in diets in the spring and winter, as they reduce immunity by limiting the intake of macro-micronutrients and vitamins.

Regarding young children and pregnant women, it is necessary to avoid visits to crowded places (markets, trading houses, cinemas, public transport). The health of the baby is more important than another visit to a boutique or a café.

If you need to visit the store, travel by personal transport or taxies. The use of a mask is mandatory and should not be used for more than 3 hours. Small children are best left home, under the supervision of adults. And be sure to wash your hands with soap after coming back from the outdoors.

The measures are quite simple and doable; so take care of yourself and your loved ones.


Public Health Department of Karaganda region

+7 (7212) 955 559